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It is already the third time Green World will be coming to Tbilisi to host the 3rd annual HydroTech Caucasus expo and forum. The event has grown into the most important annual gathering of regional and international hydro energy experts in the whole of Caucasus and keeps attracting more and more participants, with over 200 taking part in 2015.
How is the event different in 2016? This year the event includes significant hydro industry presence from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran and even larger presence of hydro energy experts from Turkey, more networking time and larger expo area.
What has not changed? We remain fully focused on hydro energy deployment in the region, from micro through large-scale installations and keep the event delivering unparalleled B2B networking with the biggest names in the region.
Event language: English.
Georgia: As one of the world’s top five countries in per-capita water resources, Georgia is blessed with countless waterways of myriad sizes and types. Yet only 18% of waterways harbouring high electrical-generating capacity have been developed, leaving most of this abundance untapped. Hundreds of Georgia’s 26,000 rivers – with a greenfield-site hydropower plant (HPP) potential of 20 TWh – remain undeveloped.
The share of hydropower in Georgia’s total electricity generation has been steadily rising in recent years (from 85% in 2004 to 92% in 2011). Since 2006, electricity production from hydropower plants has increased by almost 40%, while thermal power plant production has decreased by 55%. The goal of the Georgian Government in the coming years is to generate 100% of its electricity from renewable resources. To achieve this target, projects are currently underway to construct an additional 40 HPPs designed to deliver a total installed capacity equivalent of 1,878 MW and annually generate 7423gWh.
Azerbaijan: While its technically feasible potential (16 billion kWh) remains underexploited, hydro power is currently the most developed renewable energy source. In 2011, it accounted for 9.8% of electricity production, against only 0.2% for other renewables. With 2 million tons of solid domestic and production waste annually sent to treatment sites, the country has also good potential for biomass energy. Finally, the exploitation of thermal waters could partially cover heat energy needs.
Armenia: The country generates approximately 40 percent of its electricity using nuclear power and 35 percent using large hydro power plants. Armenia needs to develop its renewable energy resources to reduce its reliance on imported fuel.
Historically hydropower has been a large part of Armenia’s electrical energy production resources. The two large hydropower cascades—Sevan-Hrazdan and Vorotan—have combined installed capacity of approximately 960 Mega Watt (MW). The findings of a comprehensive review of renewable energy potential in Armenia have ranked small hydropower power projects (SHPP) as the most advanced renewable energy technology and the most economical for Armenia in the short- to medium-term. Typically plants with less than 10 MW of installed capacity are considered SHPP.
As of late 2010, there are more than 80 commercial-size SHPPs operating in Armenia. About 60 of these have been developed and constructed over the past 10 years. There are also numerous small (micro) units that are operated by individuals to satisfy their own electrical needs. The assumption is that hydro power generation will grow from its current 5 percent penetration level to 10 percent within the next 10 years. Once the best locations are explored, the rate of implementation of new projects are slated to slow down due to increasing marginal costs of construction in more remote, inconvenient, and lower capacity factor locations, thus making investors less eager to do projects.
Recent studies indicate that there are 115 sites remaining to be developed. Licenses have been issued for an additional 45, but those sites have not been constructed as of early 2011. The development of some of these sites may not be possible due to environmental concerns. A good example is the Trchkan Waterfall; a permit was granted to develop an SHPP there, but was later canceled over fears of public opposition of building on this scenic location. The government granted Trchkan a “specially protected area” status, which makes it immune from future industrial developments.
World-class hydro energy technology leaders showcase their best and share extensive knowledge and insights.